Timeline: From exposé to Napoles' surrender

The name of Janet Lim-Napoles first gained the public's attention in July when the alleged P10 billion pork barrel scam first hit the newstands.

Here's a look back at the events that culminated with Napoles' surrender.


July 12: Napoles is named the alleged mastermind of the P10B pork barrel scam
On July 12, the alleged P10 billion pork barrel scam made the headlines. Whistleblowers Luy and Merlina Suñas exposed the alleged illegal operations of JLN group of companies of Janet Lim-Napoles, which involved setting up fake NGOs and foundations to funnel funds from the so-called fertlizer funds, the Malampaya funds, and the pork barrel of lawmakers during the Arroyo administration which are involved in ghost projects.

The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) launched a probe. Linked to the scam were five senators and 23 representatives who are said to have connived with Napoles to pocket their Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF), otherwise known as their pork barrel. The lawmakers vehemently denied the allegations.

July 15: Napoles faces the media for the first time
Napoles faced media for the first time on July 15. Facing ABS-CBN News, Napoles said, Luy was a personal assistant and was treated like family. But she claimed Luy betrayed them over money. Napoles said, her company did not have any transactions with the government. She challenged her accusers to prove their allegations against her. Napoles also apologized to lawmakers who have been implicated in the alleged scam.

July 19: DOJ insists on keeping custody of whistleblower Benhur Luy
The Justice Department insisted on keeping custody of Benhur Luy under the witness protection program. This, despite the arrest warrant issued for him on charges of qualified theft filed by Napoles. DOJ Sec. Leila De Lima also directed the DOJ's investigate what she calls the hasty issuance of the arrest warrant.


July 29: Lavish lifestyle of Napoles' daughter spreads on social media
Meantime, pictures of Napoles' daughter, Jeanne, spread on social media flaunting her family's wealth. On her Instagram account, Jeanne showed off luxury cars, expensive jewelry and her shopping sprees. Janet Napoles did not deny their lavish lifestyle.

The Bureau of Internal Revenue launched its own investigation on the properties of Napoles and went on to check if the correct taxes have been paid.



August 5: Napoles properties in U.S. tracked down
Napoles' properties in the United States were also tracked down, including a unit at The Ritz Carlton Residences in Los Angeles and an Inn near Disneyland in Anaheim.

Neighbors, who declined to speak on camera said while Janet has come to visit, the younger Napoles was seen in her Porsche often. Jeane is described as tall and friendly, greeting fellow Filipino tenants as she attended the prestigious Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandise, which carried a $30,000 or an estimated P1.3 million annual tuition.



August 10: Napoles, Lim placed on lookout bulletin

Janet Napoles and her brother, Reynald Lim, were placed on the Bureau of Immigration's 'lookout bulletin'. The Bureau also said, it does not want a repeat of controversial figures and suspects slipping out of the country. Just like what happened to Ramona Bautista, sister of slain actor Ram Revilla, and former governor Joel Reyes and his brother, Mario Reyes, who are suspects in the Gerry Ortega killing.

But Napoles' lawyer Lorna Kapunan said, her client has no plans of leaving the country and hiding from the investigations.



August 14: Arrest warrant issued for Napoles, Lim
The Makati Regional Trial Court issued an arrest warrant for Napoles and Lim on the serious illegal detention charge filed by whistleblower Benhur Luy.

De Lima has been criticized for informing media about the arrest warrant even before the NBI had Napoles in its custody. De Lima had confirmed to reporters at the House of Representatives that the Makati Court already issued the arrest order.



August 16: COA discusses special audit report, CA issues freeze order on Napoles' bank accounts, DFA cancels passports of Napoles, Lim

The camp of Napoles went to the Court of Appeals to try to stop her arrest.

On the same day, the Commission on Audit discussed the results of its special audit which looked into how lawmakers' funds were spent from 2007 to 2009.

According to the report, more than P6B from 12 senators and 180 congressmen went to 82 NGOs despite the absence of an appropriation or ordinance authorizing it.

Of the amount, more than P2B reportedly went to 10 NGOs linked to Napoles.

The Court of Appeals then issued a freeze order on Napoles' bank accounts as well as those of her immediate family, relatives, staff at the JLN group of companies, and even the NGOs linked to her.

This in response to a petition by the Anti-Money Laundering Council or AMLAC.

The Department of Foreign Affairs also cancelled the passports of Napoles and her brother.


August 23: Pres. Aquino announces plans to abolish pork barrel
President Aquino announced plans to abolish the pork barrel to be replaced by a new system. The President said, lawmakers may still propose projects, but the funding for these should be part of the national budget.

He outlined seven measures that could be implemented as early as next year to help prevent the misuse of public funds. Leaders of congress are solidly behind the president.

But House Speaker Sonny Belmonte admitted, not all lawmakers will be in favor of abolishing their pork barrel.



August 26: Thousands join pork barrel protests nationwide. Thousands marched in Luneta calling for the true abolition of the pork barrel.
This is a response to a call in social media when the controversy over the alleged P10B pork barrel scam broke out. People from all walks of life took part in the march that started out at around seven in the morning.

An unexpected guest also showed up -- Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle who usually doesn't meddle in political issues.



August 27: Inter-agency body to probe pork barrel misuse

Malacañang announces the reactivation of a special group to investigate the alleged misuse of lawmakers' funds. Ombudsman Conchita Carpio Morales said no one will be spared, not even allies of President Aquino.

The Office of the Ombudsman, the Finance and Justice departments, the National Bureau of Investigation, the Commission on Audit, the Civil Service Commission, and the Office of the President have joined forces to probe the alleged misuse of the Priority Development Assistance Fund as revealed in COA's special audit report.


August 28: Aquino announces P10M bounty for Napoles
President Aquino announced a 10 million peso bounty for information leading to the arrest of Janet Lim- Napoles.

According to her lawyer, Napoles sent out feelers that she wanted to surrender to Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle. But they did not receive a response from Tagle, as he declined to comment on the matter.

August 28: Napoles surrenders
At past nine in the evening, Napoles voluntarily surrendered to the President. She was turned over to the custody of the DILG and PNP for processing and booking.

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